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For example, if you create a host record hhh.test.com with an IPv4 address and perform an incremental
synchronization to get updates, the response contains an updated host record and host address:

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Full synchronization synchronizes the entire set of objects irrespective of updates. You can perform a full synchronization only on the Grid Master and Grid Master Candidate. Note that the tasks created on the Grid Master and Grid Master Candidates will be executed on them respectively and you can download the synchronized data on to the member where the task was created. The Grid Master Candidate can execute only read-only tasks. To save the output of a full synchronization, you must specify the output location. The output of a full synchronization is in the following formats: JSON, XML, ROWJSON, or ROWXML.

You can specify one of the following output locations:

"FILE_DISTRIBUTION" and "LOCAL".

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Incremental synchronization synchronizes only those objects that are updated since the previous synchronization. With incremental synchronization, you can query NIOS for any updates and when updates are found, NIOS returns the changed objects since the previous incremental synchronization. Incremental synchronization synchronizes the NIOS database for object changes such as addition, updates, or deletion, mostly via scripts. The incremental synchronization query consists of object types, a cookie of the form
form <id of db:sequence_id>, a sequence ID and an optional exclude_deleted object to indicate if the deleted objects must be excluded from the results. NIOS includes the deleted records in the results by default.

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  • You cannot request an incremental synchronization to get updated (created, updated, or deleted) objects after a full synchronization.
  • For performance reasons, NIOS returns the objects that changed and not the object data that changed. Infoblox recommends that you figure out what changed by comparing the object with the previous version in the client database.
  • Incremental synchronization may take a longer time to complete depending on the number of changes. For example, if 50K objects are requested with all fields on an IB-4010 appliance, an incremental synchronization approximately takes 2 minutes. When 50K objects are requested with standard RESTful API fields on an IB-4010, the synchronization process completes in approximately 1 minute.
  • The size of the memory increases when the number of objects increases. Infoblox recommends that you use _max_results to limit the number of results or use the asynchronous fileop->read operation.
  • Infoblox recommends that for a busy Grid with a high Rate of Change that is greater than 500/sec, you must run an incremental synchronization more frequently. Example: If the expected Rate of Change for objects in the Grid is 50/sec, you can schedule an incremental synchronization every 5-10 minutes. If the Rate of Change for objects is 200/sec, schedule an incremental synchronization every minute or every 2 minutes.
  • Infoblox recommends that you include all object types when you query using an incremental synchronization, so that it returns the highest sequence ID for all objects that can be used for subsequent incremental updates. If you query only selected object types such as A record and zone, NIOS returns the highest sequence ID for those object types only.

    Consider an example where A record, Network, and A record are the object types with sequence ID 4, 5 and 6 respectively. When you query for an A record object type with a previous sequence ID using incremental synchronization, NIOS returns A record with the highest sequence ID, which is 6 and does not return the network object. Meanwhile, if you add or update a network object, then in the subsequent incremental synchronization it does not return the network object and you will lose updates made to the network object. Hence, Infoblox recommends that you include all object types in the query to ensure that you do not lose updates made to other object types.

  • You cannot perform a full or an incremental synchronization during Grid Master Candidate promotions, restores, and upgrades.
  • The output of an incremental synchronization is either in JSON or XML format.

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