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You can monitor RPZ hits based on subscriber security policies and parental control policies through the following:

Monitoring through Syslog

To receive information about RPZ hits based on subscriber security policies and parental control policies in the syslog, make sure that you enable the RPZ option in the Logging tab of the Grid DNS Properties editor or Member Properties editor. For information about configuring logging properties, see Setting DNS Logging Categories. Once the RPZ option is enabled, the appliance logs RPZ hits based on subscriber security policies and parental control policies in CEF (Common Event Format) in the syslog. For information about how to configure the syslog server, see Using a Syslog Server.

Following is a sample RPZ hit log message:

CEF:0|Infoblox|NIOS|8.2.0-359884|RPZ-QNAME|PASSTHRU|7|app=DNS dst=10.35.41.18 src=10.32.1.145 spt=52100 view=_default qtype=A msg="rpz QNAME PASSTHRU rewrite child.com [A] via child.com.bit6subscribers" IPSD=N/A Acct-Session-Id=29de847acde415ab User-Name=john NAS-IP-Address=10.36.120.10 MSISDN=9956182386 Subscriber-Secure-Policy=0000507f CAT=0x00000000000000000000000000008000

Each log message contains the following information:

  • Infoblox|NIOS |x.x.x: Indicates the Infoblox product, and x.x.x represents the NIOS version.
  • The string following the NIOS version is a hard-coded constant. In this example, it is RPZ QNAME.
  • The hard-coded constant is followed by mitigation action. In this example, it is PASSTHRU.
  • The number following the mitigation action is the threat severity level. The following numbers indicate the severity levels:
    • 8 = Critical
    • 7 = Major
    • 6 = Warning
    • 4 = Informational
  • app: DNS
  • dst: Destination IP address.
  • src: Source IP address.
  • spt: Source port.
  • view: DNS view.
  • qtype: Query type.
  • msg: RPZ rule.
  • IPSD: IP space discriminator.
  • Acct-Session-Id: Session ID.
  • User-Name: Username of the subscriber.
  • NAS-IP-Address: NAS IP address.
  • MSISDN: The mobile phone number of the subscriber.
  • Subscriber-Secure-Policy: Subscriber Secure Policy.
  • CAT: The category bits that match the query name. This indicates the reason for blocking the domain listed in the event.

To view RPZ violation by subscriber related log messages:

  1. From the Administration tab, select the Logs tab -> Syslog tab.
  2. From the drop-down list at the upper right corner, select the Grid member on which you want to view the syslog.
  3. From the Quick Filter drop-down list, select RPZ Incident Logs to view RPZ violation by subscriber related events. To narrow down the system messages you want to view, click Show Filter and then select the filters you want to use. For information about how to use filters, see Using Filters.

Handling Splunk REST API Request

You can retrieve pre-defined reports by sending Splunk REST API requests. Before you send any Splunk REST API request, ensure that reporting service is enabled on the Grid. To accept the Splunk REST API requests, the apache httpd process is started on the reporting member. The Splunk REST API request process uses TCP port 9185 and you can use NIOS user credentials to send Splunk REST API requests. For information about Splunk REST API, see http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/RESTUM/RESTusing.

Note

  • Only searches(/search/jobs/), saved searches(/saved/searches/) and auth login(*/auth/login) are supported and any other Splunk REST API requests are not supported.
  • Splunk REST API requests cannot be sent by remote users.

Following are the supported Splunk REST API requests:

authentication/URISummaryGETPUTPOSTDEL
auth/login

Access control
Provide user authentication



Yes


saved/URISummaryGETPUTPOSTDEL
saved/searches

Search
Manage saved search configuration

Yes
Yes
saved/searches/{name}

Search
Manage specific saved search

Yes
Yes Yes
saved/searches/{name}/acknowledge

Search
Manage saved search alerts



Yes
saved/searches/{name}/dispatch

Search
Dispatch saved search



Yes
saved/searches/{name}/history

Search
Access saved search job history

Yes


saved/searches/{name}/reschedule

Search
Manage saved search job schedules



Yes
saved/searches/{name}/scheduled_times

Search
Access saved search scheduled time

Yes


saved/searches/{name}/suppress

Search
Access saved search alert state

Yes


search/URISummaryGETPUTPOSTDEL
search/jobs

Search
Manage search jobs

Yes
Yes
search/jobs/{search_id}

Search
Manage specific search job

Yes
Yes Yes
search/jobs/{search_id}/control

Search
Execute job control command for a specific search



Yes
search/jobs/{search_id}/events

Search
Access events for a specific search

Yes


search/jobs/{search_id}/results

Search
Access results of a specific search

Yes


search/jobs/{search_id}/results_preview

Search
Access preview results for a specific search

Yes


search/jobs/{search_id}/search.log

Search
Access search.log file for a specific search

Yes


search/jobs/{search_id}/summary

Search
Access getFieldsAndStats output of so-far-read events

Yes


search/jobs/{search_id}/timeline

Search
Access event distribution over time

Yes


search/jobs/export

Search
Stream search results

Yes
Yes


Samples of Splunk REST API requests:

  • To search for subscriber IDs:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/ -d search="search source=ib:dns:query:top_rpz_hit index=ib_dns| stats count by SUB_VAL"

The response is as follows:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<response>
<sid>1516833486.5665</sid>
</response>

To get the job status:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/1516833486.5665 | grep "isDone"

% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 14702 100 14702 0 0 14702 0 0:00:01 --:--:-- 0:00:01 358k
<s:key name="isDone">1</s:key>

To get the job output in CSV format:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/1516833486.5665/results --get -d output_mode=csv

"SUB_VAL",count

"+123 (12) 123-0001",2049
"+123 (12) 123-0002",1978
"+123 (12) 123-0003",2105
"+333 (33) 333-3333",121
"+555 (55) 555-5555",3
"+911 (12) 123-0066",1916
"+911 (55) 555-5555",114

16661230001,11447
16661230002,15464
16661230003,15226
911121230066,11245

  • To search for RPZ event by a subscriber:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/ -d search='search source=ib:dns:query:top_rpz_hit index=ib_dns SUB_VAL=16661230002 earliest=-4h latest=-1h | transaction fields="DOMAIN_NAME" maxspan=1h | eval MITIGATION_ACTION=case(MITIGATION_ACTION

 == "PT", "Passthru", MITIGATION_ACTION == "NX", "Block (No Such Domain)", MITIGATION_ACTION == "ND", "Block (No Data)", MITIGATION_ACTION == "SB", "Substitute", MITIGATION_ACTION == "A1", "Substitute (A)", MITIGATION_ACTION == "A4", "Substitute (AAAA)", MITIGATION_ACTION
 == "AA", "Substitute (A/AAAA)", MITIGATION_ACTION == "DN", "Substitute (Domain Name)", MITIGATION_ACTION == "ER", "None") | table TIMESTAMP DOMAIN_NAME MITIGATION_ACTION'

The response is as follows:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<response>
<sid>1516834187.5702</sid>
</response>

To get the job status:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/1516834187.5702 | grep "isDone"

<s:key name="isDone">1</s:key>

To get the job output in csv format:

curl -k -u splunk-api-usr:"tru[kl0ad" https://10.61.41.36:9185/services/search/jobs/1516834187.5702/results --get -d output_mode=csv

TIMESTAMP,"DOMAIN_NAME","MITIGATION_ACTION"

"2018-01-24 12:46:07 2018-01-24 12:56:07 2018-01-24 13:06:07 2018-01-24 13:16:07 2018-01-24 13:26:07 2018-01-24 13:36:07 2018-01-24 13:46:07","wpad.tme.infoblox.com","Block (No Such Domain)"

"2018-01-24 11:36:06 2018-01-24 11:46:06 2018-01-24 11:56:06 2018-01-24 12:06:06 2018-01-24 12:16:06 2018-01-24 12:26:06 2018-01-24 12:36:06","wpad.tme.infoblox.com","Block (No Such Domain)"

"2018-01-24 10:57:41 2018-01-24 11:07:41 2018-01-24 11:17:41 2018-01-24 11:27:41 2018-01-24 11:34:51 2018-01-24 11:35:06","wpad.tme.infoblox.com","Block (No Such Domain)"



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