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To set up the Grid Master and begin pre-provisioning vNIOS for KVM Grid members in OpenStack using Elastic Scaling, complete the following.

  1. Log in to OpenStack and compose the user data file for the Grid Master using the vi editor. You can also compose the data file locally and move it to the OpenStack node later. Note that you can deploy the Grid Master VM using temporary licenses. Elastic Scaling is not support on the Grid Master. For a sample of the Grid Master user data file, see Sample User Data Files for the Grid Master.
  2. Execute the neutron port-create command to create port IDs for the network interfaces (MGMT and LAN1/HA). You can use the security-group option to associate the vNIOS instance with the security group(s) you have created. For information, see Setting Up Security Groups. (Optionally, you can associate the vNIOS instance with a security group when you execute the nova boot command.) Following is an example:
    $ neutron port-create --security-group <name of the security group>
    For HA pairs, you must also execute the allowed-address-pairs option to define the VIP port for the HA configuration, using the VRRP MAC address and the Virtual Router ID you use. Following is an example:
    $ neutron port-create VIP –-allowed-address-pairs list=true mac_address= 00:00:5e:00:01:c8 ip_address=10.0.0.22
  3. For an HA pair configuration only, ensure that you set allow_duplicate_networks=true in the nova.conf file to remove the restriction of allowing only one interface for each network in OpenStack.
  4. Run the neutron port list command to view the network and port IDs generated for all network interfaces so you can copy and paste them into the nova boot command.
  5. Execute the nova boot command in OpenStack to spin up the Grid Master VM. (Note: Use the custom name you came up with when creating flavors).
    Following is an example:
    nova boot --config-drive False --image
    <nios-7.3.0-314352-2016-01-29-05-02-02-160G-1420-disk1.qcow2> --flavor <vnios1410.160>
    – security-groups <name of the security group> --nic net-id=<the network ID for the MGMT interface> --nic net-id=<the network ID for the LAN1/HA interface only if you are configuring an HA pair> --nic port-id=<the IP address ID for the LAN1 interface>
    <my-vm-grid-master>
    where
    1. flavor specifies the flavors of the vNIOS for KVM instance. For information about how to define flavors, see Setting Up vNIOS OpenStack Flavors.
    2. security-groups defines the security group with which this vNIOS instance associates. For information about how to create rules for security groups, see Setting Up Security Groups.
    3. nic net-id specifies the network ID for the MGMT interface. Note that when provisioning an HA pair, you must also specify the network ID for the LAN1/HA interface. For more information, see Sample Commands for Provisioning an HA Pair.
    4. nic port-id specifies the IP address ID for the LAN1/HA interface.

      Note

      For the vNIOS appliance to run in OpenStack, you must specify at least two networks, MGMT and LAN1/HA. To remove networks, use the neutron net-delete command. If some of the networks remain, use OpenStack Horizon to manually remove them.

    5. my-vm-grid-master defines the unique name of the VM.
      The vNIOS for KVM instance automatically spins up after the nova boot command is executed.
  6. Log in to the NIOS GUI (Grid Manager) and do the following,
      • Create offline Grid members you plan to join the Grid.
      • Pre-provision these Grid members.
      • Generate a token for each member. Copy this token and save it for use in each Grid member user data file. For detailed instructions on how to pre-provision a member, refer to the Infoblox NIOS Documentation.
  7. Log in to OpenStack and compose a user data file for each Grid member you plan to join the Grid. For a sample Grid member user data file, see Sample User data File for Grid Members.
  8. Execute the nova boot command in OpenStack to spin up each Grid member VM, as follows:
    nova boot --config-drive False --image nios-7.2.4-1410-160.qcow2 --flavor vnios1410.160
    --nic net-id=9db90ecf-83e8-44c5-930d-7e3548ff4a02 --nic
    port-id=620d9fba-2f2d-4b81-9e51-eecfee551c15 --user-data ./user-data-2 my-vm-grid-member

    Note

    Use config-drive True to tell OpenStack to use the virtual CD-ROM drive transport mechanism for the user data file. For information about user data files, see Defining User Data Settings for vNIOS for KVM Instances.

  • flavor specifies the flavors of the vNIOS for KVM instance. For information about how to define flavors, see Setting Up vNIOS OpenStack Flavors.
  • nic net-id specifies the MGMT interface.
  • nic port-id specifies the LAN1 interface.
  • user-data specifies the name of the user data file.
  • my-vm-grid-member defines the name of the VM.

After you execute the nova boot command and launch the vNIOS for KVM instances, the Grid members automatically join the Grid. Further communications with the instance take place through Grid Manager and the NIOS CLI.

Defining User Data Settings for vNIOS for KVM Instances

When you provision appliances using Elastic Scaling, vNIOS for KVM instances in an OpenStack environment require different user data settings. In OpenStack, you compose the user data file using the vi editor in plain text format.
OpenStack supports two transport mechanisms for the user data file: one through a virtual CDROM drive (also known as ISO parameter injection) and the other through the metadata network service. You can provide either or both transport mechanisms. OpenStack will make the user data file available to the vNIOS instance using the transport you configure in the user data file.
You use the following data fields in the user data files for provisioning new instances using Elastic Scaling:

  • remote_console_enabled: Set this field to "true" to enable the remote console.
  • default_admin_password: Enter "infoblox" as the default admin password.
  • temp_license or license: Enter the name of the licenses you plan to install on the Grid Master or Grid members. For example, you can enter "vnios,enterprise,dns". You install temporary licenses on the Grid Master when deploying it in the OpenStack environment.
  • lan1: Specify the following LAN1 parameters only if you have disabled DHCP in OpenStack for the LAN1 network. Remove the entire lan1 section from the user data file if DHCP is enabled in OpenStack. Otherwise, if the LAN1 parameters are the same as those of DHCP, the interpretation of the parameters stops at the LAN1 interface until you restart NIOS manually. If the LAN1 parameters are different from those of DHCP, NIOS restarts automatically and the LAN1 parameters are overwritten by the new DHCP response. Note that IPv6 on LAN1 is not supported in this release.
    • v4_addr: Use this field to specify the IP address of the Grid Master or Grid member instance.
    • v4_netmask: Use this field to specify the netmask of the Grid Master or Grid member instance.
    • v4_gw: Use this field to specify the gateway address of the Grid Master or Grid member instance
  • gridmaster: This field remains blank. It signifies to OpenStack that the instance is a Grid Master. Use this only for the Grid member user data file.
  • certificate: Use this field only for the Grid member user data file. Copy and paste the string for the Infoblox NIOS certificate credential generated for the Grid member token. Note that the certificate string must not contain any space(s); otherwise, it might cause issues during the provisioning process.
  • token: This field provides the string for the generated token for the new instance. Here, you copy and paste the security token generated for the new vNIOS for KVM instance.

    Note

    The certificate and token are generated on the Grid Master when you pre-provision the vNIOS instance. The certificate and token values are valid only for a period of time. For information, see About Elastic Scaling in the Infoblox NIOS Docuementation.

  • ip_addr: This is applicable only to Grid members. This field specifies the IP address for the Grid Master.

For sample user data files, see Sample User Data Files for the Grid Master and Sample User data File for Grid Members.

Sample User Data Files for the Grid Master

Following is a sample user data file for deploying the Grid Master in the OpenStack environment:

#infoblox-config
remote_console_enabled: true default_admin_password: infoblox temp_license: vnios,enterprise,dns

lan1:
v4_addr: 10.2.0.9
v4_netmask: 255.255.255.0
v4_gw: 10.2.0.1

Sample User data File for Grid Members

Following is a sample user data file for deploying Grid members in the OpenStack environment:

#infoblox-config remote_console_enabled: true
default_admin_password: infoblox license: vnios,enterprise,dns
lan1:
v4_addr: 10.2.0.9
v4_netmask: 255.255.255.0
v4_gw: 10.2.0.1
gridmaster:
certificate: ----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----
MIIDdzCCAl8CEBdLzTDHhS3SgclnykFe/qUwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAwejELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxEzARBgNVBA gTCkNhbGlmb3JuaWExEjAQBgNVBAcTCVN1bm55dmFsZTERMA8GA1UEChMISW5mb2Jsb3gxFDASBgNVBAsTC0Vu Z2luZWVyaW5nMRkwFwYDVQQDExB3d3cuaW5mb2Jsb3guY29tMB4XDTE1MTAxNTIzNDgzMVoXDTE2MTAxNDIzND gzMVowejELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxEzARBgNVBAgTCkNhbGlmb3JuaWExEjAQBgNVBAcTCVN1bm55dmFsZTERMA8G A1UEChMISW5mb2Jsb3gxFDASBgNVBAsTC0VuZ2luZWVyaW5nMRkwFwYDVQQDExB3d3cuaW5mb2Jsb3guY29tMI IBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEArGBBrcJls7UfPRY4OlsW3+JSkX4UwO4ssx1IQQgJEI3X
Ia335wC5fP37wtGgeCflJwDMhF6Z3a7nLgx6RZN2cPeDHdLQp45+P6Xi4I6J1gXPL/TPhtrrDfsX3Lq337eUi5 3D3OqTfz+NwMgrJU6SRzxXUOkt+Tx6VTwFkCThrVKtXURhg4Ik8frVBI8qFTFdRIs+z1O6E09LZoScNjOQXKZP b2uqPwBhSQ7PYgX+vbyXy2CAEzmsDyw7TQFzeZ+8xA/sqlQUXZa8AQtyLlMnxf2T9upP9g9e0O+UBpZrKhdVZP VYaWgpM7lSOwv1a0NLjwVyGgj0igIughaqz5A54QIDAQABMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAA4IBAQBF3pAAXFiJ3ADg
3Nc36e0MxZAv2TFHggl9OPjexBQHyDs9jU+Q1dNSeiVVwgYBSwxLfnEJthne1GHG1mgN92TRDehCpTiIFRnBH8 RNedtHQtQ/cNLHgHpcUW0eJXSR6kCSGHTSCFWQI/ie4RHhg3vXuOXA4ZkOAAgCO+korRUkcRc2kjIM1vZnRf9H rDci+HLCGGTH/dHdqNIjasPWYnSQa3RKEHbl53THfGEJXf5VBYIsu32lWPqhaMIlTg7Rj0C+4pD1XQ3Z2Qa7TP JDeNKfy+VZVcNQGD4hCeBRGhhmj7X7TqnCdKea1PftEwug1X24xF84tVn1Xpw6GmwRLWpi----END CERTIFICATE----
token: 6VPPn51m46cw0RI/9F1o3D1cVR0/dogB ip_addr: 10.2.0.7

Sample User Data Files for the IB-FLEX Grid Master

Following is a sample user data file for deploying an IB-FLEX Grid Master using the Flex Grid Activation license in the OpenStack environment:

#infoblox-config
remote_console_enabled: y
hardware_type: IB-FLEX
temp_license: flex_grid
lan1:

v4_addr: 10.39.51.33
v4_netmask: 255.255.255.0
v4_gw: 10.39.51.1

mgmt:

v4_addr: 10.39.50.22
v4_netmask: 255.255.255.0
v4_gw: 10.39.50.1

lan2:

nic_bonding_enabled: Y
bonding_failback_interface: lan1

mac:

mgmt: fa:16:3e:14:3a:ae
lan1: fa:16:3e:01:29:0b
ha: fa:16:3e:25:43:8a
lan2: fa:16:3e:8e:26:4c

Note

 In case you are using mixed-interface support, use cloud-init with mac-address added to the user-data.

Sample Commands for Provisioning an HA Pair

Following are sample nova boot commands for deploying an HA pair in the OpenStack environment: Execute the following command to spin up the active node:

nova boot --config-drive True --image nios-7.3.0-305525-1420-160.qcow2 --flavor vnios1420.160 --nic net-id=776f3ea4-9412-464a-b923-cf0c79e579f0 --nic
port-id=81345eaf-49dd-4ad1-a31c-32159ef4d948 --nic
port-id=99c73fc5-71ca-457a-a505-f40e85f88207 --user-data ./user-data-ha HA_active1
Once the active node is up and running, change the token value in the user-data file and executed following command to create the passive node:
nova boot --config-drive True --image nios-7.3.0-Alpha-305525-1420-160.qcow2 --flavor vnios1420.160 --nic net-id=776f3ea4-9412-464a-b923-cf0c79e579f0 --nic
port-id=ddd57167-2173-4f11-860b-c4efb9ddd3d6 --nic
port-id=07b9df9b-0bb3-4ddd-9ede-850bf3a27671 --user-data ./user-data-ha HA_passive1

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